PTSD and Sleep Disorders
The complex etiology and symptomatology of trauma-related sleep disorders with frequent psychiatric comorbidity require the application of multimodal treatment concepts, including psychological and pharmacological interventions; however, there is little empirical evidence on the effectiveness of long-term drug treatment for insomnia and nightmares.
Reference: Weber FC, Wetter TC. The Many Faces of Sleep Disorders in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Update on Clinical Features and Treatment. Neuropsychobiology. 2022;81(2):85-97. doi: 10.1159/000517329. Epub 2021 Sep 2. PMID: 34474413; PMCID: PMC9153357.